Weeks after the end of the deadly fighting between Israel and Gaza’s militant Hamas leaders, American Jews are more concerned about their safety and say they are witnessing anti-Semitism at a dramatically increased rate, according to the results of an anti-Defamation League survey published Monday. 



The survey of nearly 600 Jewish Americans by the anti-hate group found 60% reported witnessing behavior or comments they personally deemed to be anti-Semitic following the violence. 

That is roughly the share of American Jews who said in a January ADL survey they had experienced anti-Semitism in the prior five years. 


Over half (53%) said the level of anti-Semitic behavior or conduct, which many respondents deemed encompasses verbal attacks on the state of Israel (like comparing Israel’s actions to Nazis or calling Zionism racist), surpasses that they witnessed before the Israel-Gaza fighting began. 

As a result of their observed uptick in anti-Semitism, some 40% of the Jewish Americans surveyed indicated they are “more concerned about their personal safety.” 

A vast majority (77%) said they are at least somewhat concerned about anti-Semitism in America following the recent violence, while most also want federal and state leaders to do more to address the recent uptick in anti-Semitism. 



While the ADL typically sees spikes in anti-Semitism amid fighting in Israel, ADL CEO Jonathan Greenblatt described this recent surge as “particularly dramatic and violent.” “This activity has affected more than specific individuals targeted: American Jews broadly are feeling less secure than before, and they believe strongly that our leaders need to do more to prevent further incidents,” he said in a statement. 



State leaders across the U.S. have decried attacks on Jews that began to surge in multiple countries amid the fighting in May. Among the more recent incidents, the vandalism of two synagogues in Arizona over the course of a month—the second with a swastika and an anti-Semitic slur—prompted Gov. Doug Ducey (R) to declare anti-Semitism has “no place in Arizona.” Analysis from the ADL’s Center on Extremism found anti-Semitic incidents in the U.S. more than doubled during the military conflict and its immediate aftermath compared to the same period in 2020. 


305. That’s how many anti-Semitic incidents the ADL recorded in May 2021, a 115% increase from the same period last year. This included 190 cases of harassment, 50 cases of vandalism and 11 assaults. 


Authorities and groups tracking the data also highlighted a rise in Islamophobia and anti-Arab incidents since the onset of violence in the region last month, however, there has been significantly less polling to detail the extent of this trend. 



“Synagogue Attacks And Slurs: Jewish Community Rocked By Rise In Anti-Semitism Amid Israel-Gaza Fighting” (Forbes) 


“Violence on Iraeli Streets Sows Fear of Lasting Rupture” (The New York Times)